Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

Technical Standards 

General Job Description
Qualified applicants are expected to meet all admission criteria as well as essential functions. Students requesting reasonable accommodations to meet these criteria must inform the Program Director in writing of the need for accommodations at the time of admission. The student is expected to contact the ADA counselor in the new ESC (Enrollment Services Center) to file the appropriate forms documenting the need for accommodations.



Gross Motor


  • Move within confined spaces
  • Sit and maintain balance
  • Stand and maintain balance
  • Reach above shoulders
  • Reach below waist
Function in a mobile environment: move about in an ambulance in order to perform procedures on the patient. Must also read patient chart, equipment settings, and/or equipment displays. Sit to record findings. Change equipment settings above head and below waist, plug electrical appliance into wall outlets.
Fine Motor Skills
  • Pick up objects with hands
  • Grasp small objects with hands
  • Write with pen or pencil
  • Key/type
    Pinch/pick or otherwise work with fingers
  • Twist
  • Squeeze with finger
Lift medication vials to eyes to read. Squeeze medication vials to empty. Grasp hold and read small instruments such as volume measuring devices. Write in patient chart. Record patient data in record. Change settings on equipment by turning knob and observing change.
  • Stand in-place for prolonged periods
  • Sustain repetitive movements
  • Maintain physical tolerance for 12 or 24 hour periods
  • Ability to perform activities day, afternoon, evening and night.
Stand and perform repetitive procedure(s) on patients such as Chest Physical Therapy and CPR. Repeat this procedure periodically throughout a 12- to 24-hour shift.
  • Push and pull 125 pounds
  • Support 25 pounds
  • Lift 100 pounds
  • Carry equipment and supplies
  • Use upper body strength
  • Squeeze with hands

Assist patient from bed to chair. Hoist patient up in bed. Move patient from stretcher to bed and back. Carry medications, pulse oximeter, stethoscope or other equipment to various locations. Push ventilator or other heavy equipment ambulance to patient and vice versa.

Move other equipment such as Pulse Oximeter, IPPB or IPV machine. Lift equipment from bed height to shelf height above chest level.

Critical Thinking Sufficient for emergency medical judgment Make independent judgments in a physician’s absence. Determine treatment priorities. Make quick life-saving decisions.

Sufficient to interact with individuals, families and groups from a variety of social, emotional, cultural, and intellectual backgrounds

Life and death situations. Family stress of patient’s illness. Peer stress from critical incident. Cultural diversity in reactions to illness or injury.
Communication Sufficient for interaction with others in verbal and written form Radio report of patient condition. Comprehensive written reports of patient condition and treatment. Verbal report to other health care providers.



  • Sufficient to:
  • climb
  • stoop
  • crouch
  • kneel and lift 150 lbs.
  • drag
  • crawl
  • balance
  • reach
  • push
  • carry
  • bend
  • walk
  • run
  • shuffle
Work in natural and man-made disasters. Move patients from incident to safety.
  • Sufficient to monitor and assess health needs.
Auscultation of breath sounds. Converse with patient. Work around loud equipment and on roadway. Hear radio transmissions and pager tones. Talk on telephone.
Reading Read and understand written documents  Read and interpret physician orders, physician, therapist and nurses notes. Read from a computer monitor screen. Gather data reasonably accurate, and in a reasonable amount of time to ensure safe and effective patient care relative to other care givers.
Math Competence 
  • Read and understand columns of writing
  • Read digital displays
  • Read graphic printouts
  • Calibrate equipment
  • Convert numbers to and/or from the Metric System
  • Read graphs
  • Tell time
  • Measure time
  • Count rates
  • Use measuring tools
  • Read measurement marks
  • Add, subtract, multiply, and/or divide whole numbers
  • Compute fractions
    Use a calculator
  • Write numbers in records
Read and interpret patient graphics charts and graphic displays. Perform basic arithmetic functions in order to calculate dosages, weights, and other measurements.
Emotional Stability
  • Establish appropriate emotional boundaries
  • Provide emotional support to others
  • Adapt to changing environment/stress
  • Deal with the unexpected
  • Focus attention on task
  • Monitor own emotions
  • Perform multiple responsibilities concurrently
  • Handle strong emotions

Provide for safe patient care despite a rapidly changing and intensely emotional environment. Perform multiple tasks concurrently, example: delivery of medication or oxygen in one room while performing an arterial blood gas in another such as in an emergency room environment.

Maintain enough composure to provide for safe and effective patient care despite crisis circumstances.

Analytical Thinking
  • Transfer knowledge from one situation to another
  • Process information
  • Evaluate outcomes
  • Problem solve
  • Prioritize tasks
  • Use long-term memory
  • Use short-term memory
Evaluate different sources of diagnostic information to help arrive at a patient diagnosis. Evaluate priorities in order to provide for the most appropriate care. Appropriately evaluate data in order to notify physician and nursing when necessary.

Sufficient to:

  • work in dark or dimly lit setting
  • work in bright light
  • have spatial aptitude, form perception,
  • and color discrimination
Reading and writing reports. Visualize mechanism of injury in relation to patient’s condition. Describe size and shape of wound. Describe patient’s skin color.

Sufficient for physical assessment.

Perform palpation
See Motor Skills

Environmental Adjustment Ability to provide patient care in a variety of locations and conditions. Deliver patient care in all weather conditions, in water, mud, roadways, fields, buildings, high and low elevations, in hot or cold air temperatures.
Concentration Concentrate on details with moderate to severe amount of interruptions
  • Mass-casualty events
  • Car wrecks
  • natural Disasters
  • CPR calls

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